This 14k gold keystone shaped pendant is rich with symbolism. Circa 1910, the charm is from the Royal Arch Masonry chapter of the Freemasons. The infamous square and compasses can be found in the center of the pendant, framed by the letters HTWWTKS. The details are hand cut into the 14k gold, decorated with blue, black, and white enamel.
The pendant is in the shape of a keystone, which is the apex piece of an arch that makes it structurally sound and supports the entire archway. The chapter of the Royal Arch is one of the highest degrees in Freemasonry, and the keystone is worn as the mark of a high fraternal order. It is typically seen with the letters HTWWTKS, standing for “Hiram The Widow’s Son Sent To King Solomon.” This is a reference to the legend of Hiram, an architect who defended the Temple of Solomon from evil.
The square and compasses is one of the most universally recognized Freemasons symbols. The square, a tool that allows for right angles and structurally sound buildings, is symbolic of morality. The compasses, used to draw perfect circles, is a symbol for drawing boundaries around desires in order to maintain the balance and moderation necessary for living a life of integrity. The “G” represents God, or the “Great Architect of the Universe,” as well as Geometry and the intricate design of all things.
The pendent weighs 1.17 grams and is 1/2” x 1/2” at its widest points. The bail measures 4 x 6 mm. It is a doubled sided piece have enamel and engraving on both sides.